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Diane Publishing Books
Gender Discrimination and Social Identity: Experimental Evidence from Urban Pakistan
Adeline Delavande (au); Basit Zafar (au)
While gender discrimination in South Asia is a well-documented fact, gender is only one of an individualńˇ╗s many identities. This study investigates how gender discrimination depends on the social identities of interacting parties. The authors use an experimental approach to identify gender discrimination by randomly matching 2,836 male and female students pursuing bachelorńˇ╗s-equivalent degrees in three different types of institutions ńˇţ Madrassas (religious seminaries), Islamic universities, and liberal universities ńˇţ that represent distinct identities within the Pakistani society. They find that gender discrimination is not uniform in intensity and nature across the educated Pakistani society and varies as a function of the social identity of both individuals who interact. While they find no evidence of higher-socioeconomic-status men discriminating against women, men of lower socioeconomic status and higher religiosity tend to discriminate against women -- but only women of lower socioeconomic status who are closest to them in social distance. Findings suggest that social policies aimed at empowering women need to account for the intersectionality of gender with social identity. Figures and tables. This is a print on demand report.
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