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Iraq; Reconstruction Assistance
Curt Tarnoff (au)
A large-scale assistance program has been undertaken by the U.S. in Iraq since mid-2003. To date, over $49 billion has been appropriated for Iraq reconstruction. Most recently, in June 2009, Congress provided $439 million in ESF and $20 million in INCLE funds for Iraq in the FY2009 supplemental appropriations (P.L. 111-32, H.R. 2346). The $1billion in ISFF funding appropriated previously in P.L. 110-252 was rescinded and reappropriated in this bill. The CERP appropriation of $453 million is to be shared with Afghanistan. A significant number of reconstruction activities, especially those involving construction of road, sanitation, electric power, oil production, and other infrastructure, are completed or near completion. Security concerns slowed progress and added considerable expense to these efforts. Reconstruction priorities and funding mechanisms have changed over time. The Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF), the main U.S. assistance account in the first few years, is no longer available, and most large-scale infrastructure programs are no longer funded. However, manysmall-scale, targeted community-level infrastructure efforts are funded under the Commanderís Emergency Response Program (CERP) and the Economic Support Fund (ESF). The key emphases of the aid program are the training of Iraqi forces and programs assisting thedevelopment of Iraqi governing capacities and supporting the work of the Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRT). Figures.
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