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Diane Publishing Books
Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress (rev.ed.)
Ronald Ońˇ╗Rourke (ed)
The diminishment of Arctic sea ice has led to increased human activities in the Arctic, and has heightened interest in, and concerns about, the regionńˇ╗s future. The U.S., by virtue of Alaska, is an Arctic country and has substantial interests in the region. On January 12, 2009, the George W. Bush Admin. released a presidential directive, called National Security Presidential Directive 66/Homeland Security Presidential Directive 25 (NSPD 66/HSPD 25), establishing a new U.S. policy for the Arctic region. Record low extent of Arctic sea ice in 2007 focused scientific and policy attention on its linkage to global climate change, and to the implications of projected ice-free seasons in the Arctic within decades. The Arctic has been projected by several scientists to be perennially ice-free in the late summer by the late 2030s. Contents of this report: (1) Introduction; (2) Background: Definitions of the Arctic; U.S. Arctic Research; January 2009 Arctic Policy Directive (NSPD 66/HSPD 25); May 2010 National Security Strategy; The Arctic and the U.N. Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS); (3) Issues for Congress; (4) Appendices: Arctic Research and Policy Act (ARPA) of 1984 (Title I of P.L. 98-373); P.L. 101-609 of 1990, Amending Arctic Research and Policy Act (ARPA) of 1984; January 2009 Arctic Policy Directive (NSPD 66/HSPD 25). Figures. This is a print on demand report.
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