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Surface Coal Mining: Characteristics of Mining in Mountainous Areas of Kentucky and West Virginia
Robin M. Nazzaro (au)
Surface coal mining in the mountainous areas of Appalachia -- often called "mountaintop mining" -- generates controversy, in part because of its scale and the post-mining appearance of the land. Yet there is limited public access to information on the size, location, and life span of these operations, or on how the land can be expected to look afterward. This report examined the characteristics of (1) surface coal mining and (2) reclaimed lands that were disturbed by surface coal mining in the mountainous, eastern part of Kentucky and in West Virginia, where most such mining occurs. Fed. and state law requires mining operators to obtain permits before mining. Among other things, the permits identify the acres under open permit (the acres subject to mining associated with a permit that has not been closed) and how the land will be reclaimed -- including the post-mining land use, whether the approximate original contour (AOC) of the land will be restored, and the extent to which excess earth, rock, and other materials (known as "spoil") are placed in nearby valleys. In commenting on a draft of this report, the Dept. of the Interior and the two state mining agencies generally agreed with its findings. Figures.
Your Mental Health: A Layman's Guide to the Psychiatrist's Bible
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Supporting the Sky
Competing for Employees: Proven Marketing Strategies for Hiring & Keeping Exceptional People
Dress Codes: Meanings & Messages in American Culture
Who’s in Control? Polar Politics & the Sensible Center
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