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American Philosophical Society
Steno on Muscles: Introduction, Texts and Translation (Transaction 84-1)
Transaction 84 No. 1
A main work on muscular action, the “Elements of Myology,” by the Danish anatomist Niels Stensen (1638-1686) was written at a time when the teachings of Hippocrates, Erasistratus, Aristotle, & Galen were still the foundations upon which scholarly learning on the human body were built. In this work as in several other areas of research, Stensen described a structure vs. time relation as a dynamic process. From macroscopic observations of a number of muscles in several animal species, he described the contraction of compound muscles arranged in unipennate structures with an angle between muscle fibers & tendons. He found that the observed swelling of a muscle during contraction was not an argument for an expansion of its volume. Contents of this study: (1) Stensen’s Myology in HIsotrical Perspective, by Troels Kardel, M.D.; & (2) Translations of Niels Stensen’s “New Structure of the Muscles & Heart” (1663) & “Specimen of Elements of Myology” (1667) with Facsimile of First Editions” annotated by Harriet Hansen, M.A., & Aug. Ziggelaar, S.J., Ph.D. Reprint. Illus.
Isaiah Berlin's Counter-Enlightenment (Transaction 93-5)
Descartes and the Hyperbolic Quest: Lens Making Machines & Their Significance in the Seventeenth Century (Transaction 95-3)
Alhacen on Image-Formation and Distortion in Mirrors: Volume 2, English Translation (Transactions 98, Part 1, Volume 2)
Adventure of Great Dimension: The Launching of the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary (Transaction 92-3)
Opening of the Maritime Fur Trade at Bering Strait: Americans & Russians Meet the “Kanigmiut” in Kotzebue Sound
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