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Effects of Problem-Oriented Policing on Crime and Disorder
David Weisburd (au); Cody Telep (au); Joshua Hinkle (au); John Eck (au)
Problem-oriented Policing (POP) was first introduced by Herman Goldstein in 1979. The approach was one of a series of responses to a crisis in effectiveness and legitimacy in policing that emerged in the 1970s and 1980s. Goldstein argued that police were not being effective in preventing and controlling crime because they had become too focused on the “means” of policing and had neglected the “goals” of preventing and controlling crime and other community problems. He argued that the unit of analysis in policing must become the “problem” rather than calls or crime incidents as was the case during that period. POP has had tremendous impact on American policing, and is now one of the most widely implemented policing strategies in the US. This study conducted a systematic review to examine the effectiveness of problem-oriented policing (POP) in reducing crime and disorder. Eligible studies had to meet three criteria: (1) the SARA model was used; (2) a comparison group was included; (3) at least one crime or disorder outcome was reported. Units of analysis could be places or people. After an exhaustive search strategy that identified over 5500 articles and reports, the authors of this study found only 10 studies that met our inclusion criteria, which was surprising given the strong support that has been voiced for POP by both scholars and practitioners. They found an overall modest but statistically significant impact of POP on crime and disorder. Figures and tables.
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